Malawi has a trade deficit in excess of $1 billion. It is mainly associated with purchases of oil, fertiliser and pharmaceuticals.

Trade Balance 2010 - 2015 ($M)


Year Exports & Re-Exports Imports & Re-Imports Balance
2010 1,067.6 2,173.0 -1,105.4
2011 1,431.3 2,427.7 -   996.4
2012 1,183.9 2,331.2 -1,147.3
2013 1,210.0 2,846.8 -1,636.9
2014 1,393.9 2,776.9 -1,382.9
2015 1,080.1 2,331.6 -1,231.5
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Although Malawi has export markets in Africa, Asia , Europe and North America a large majority of its exports are unprocessed raw materials with no added - value component.

Top 10 Export Markets - 2015

In 2015 the top 10 export markets accounted for 67% of Malawi's worldwide exports.

Country Value ($M) Main Product
Belgium 114.0 Unmanufactured Tobacco
Zimbabwe 100.4 Prepared Animal Fodder
Mozambique   99.6 Edible products (animal origin) not otherwise specified
South Africa   80.2 Tea / Coffee
UK   63.9 Sugars
Egypt   56.8 Unmanufactured Tobacco
China   55.9 Unmanufactured Tobacco
India   52.2 Dried legumes (peas)
Germany   50.2 Unmanufactured Tobacco
USA   48.3 Unmanufactured Tobacco

Top Export Products - 2015

Product Value($M) Share of Total
Unmanufactured Tobacco 495.7 46%
Sugars   98.3   9%
Tea & Coffee   71.5   7%
Edible vegetables / Roots & Tubers   64.7   6%
Prepared animal fodder   44.0   4%

Top 10 Export Markets - 2014

In 2014 the top 10 export markets accounted for 62.6% of Malawi's worldwide exports.

Country Value ($M) Main Product
Belgium 171.5 Unmanufactured Tobacco
Mozambique 130.8 Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts
South Africa 104.7 Coffee / Tea
Zimbabwe   88.9 Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts
China   69.7 Unmanufactured Tobacco
UK   64.5 Sugars
Egypt   60.0 Unmanufactured Tobacco
USA   56.4 Unmanufactured Tobacco
Germany   48.0 Unmanufactured Tobacco
Zambia   45.6 Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts

Top Export Products - 2014

Product Value($M) Share of Total
Unmanufactured Tobacco 639.3 48%
Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts 112.9   8%
Sugars   94.9   7%
Tea & Coffee   80.5   6%
Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits   73.2   5%
Uranium Ores & Concentrates   40.1   3%

Top 10 Export Markets - 2013

In 2013 the top 10 export markets accounted for 60.7% of Malawi's worldwide exports.

Country Value ($M) Main Product
Canada 139.6 Uranium Ores & Concentrates
Belgium 100.0 Unmanufactured Tobacco
South Africa   91.9 Tea & Coffee
USA   77.5 Unmanufactured Tobacco
UK   70.6 Sugars
China   67.3 Unmanufactured Tobacco
Zimbabwe   48.3 Plastics
Portugal   46.7 Sugars
Netherlands   46.5 Unmanufactured Tobacco
Germany   45.8 Unmanufactured Tobacco

Top Export Products - 2013

Product Value($M) Share of Total
Unmanufactured Tobacco 562.6 47%
Uranium Ores & Concentrates 136.6 11%
Sugars 114.3   9%
Tea & Coffee   93.3   8%
Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits   77.8   6%
Malawi imports from Africa, Asia , Europe and North America. A large majority of its imports are fully - processed final products.

Top 10 Import Markets 2015

Country Value ($M) Main Product
S.Africa 417.4 Mineral fuels, mineral oils
China 303.8 Fertilisers
UAR 253.6 Mineral fuels, mineral oils
India 237.8 Pharmaceutical products
Zambia 118.0 Unmanufactured tobacco
UK   77.3 Printed products
Mozambique   72.7 Mineral fuels, mineral oils
Japan   72.3 Vehicles not railway or rolling-stock, and parts
Switzerland   70.9 Cereals: Wheat
USA   51.9 Pharmaceutical products

Top Import Products - 2015

Product Value($M) Share of Total
Mineral fuels, oils 250.2 11%
Fertilisers 223.6 10%
Pharmaceutical products 194.2   8%
Machinery mechanical products 187.5   8%
Vehicles not railway or rolling-stock, and parts 149.5   6%
Cereals 129.0   6%

Top 10 Import Markets 2014

Country Value ($M) Main Product
S.Africa 618.3 Mineral fuels, mineral oils
Mozambique 344.1 Mineral fuels, mineral oils
India 326.0 Pharmaceuticals
China 276.1 Fertilisers
UAR 151.0 Mineral fuels, mineral oils
Japan 121.5 Vehicles not railway or rolling-stock, and parts
Zambia 111.2 Unmanufactured tobacco
USA   83.5 Pharmaceuticals
UK   78.8 Printing products
Tanzania   62.9 Fish, dried, salted or in brine

Top Import Products - 2014

Product Value($M) Share of Total
Mineral fuels, oils 374.2 13%
Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts 276.0 10%
Pharmaceuticals 244.5   9%
Fertilisers 214.7   8%
Vehicles not railway or rolling-stock, and parts 160.5   6%
Sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, 123.3   4%

Top 10 Import Markets 2013

Country Value ($M) Main Product
S.Africa 618.3 Mineral fuels, mineral oils
Mozambique 344.1 Mineral fuels, mineral oils
China 265.4 Fertilisers
India 223.2 Pharmaceutical products
UAR 178.4 Mineral fuels, mineral oils
Zambia 129.9 Unmanufactured Tobacco
Germany   95.0 Fertilisers
Japan   83.5 Vehicles not railway or rolling-stock, and parts
Netherlands   78.8 Pharmaceutical products
USA   74.6 Pharmaceutical products

Top Import Products - 2013

Product Value($M) Share of Total
Mineral fuels, oils 411.6 14%
Fertilisers 346.0 12%
Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts 239.0   8%
Pharmaceutical products 218.2   8%
Vehicles not railway or rolling-stock, and parts 184.0   6%
Sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, 119.8   4%